A Test Model of a Power Grid with Battery Energy Storage and Wide-Area Monitoring

Lianfang Cai, Nina Thornhill, Stefanie Kuenzel, Bikash Pal

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This paper presents a test model for investigating how to coordinate a power grid and Energy Storage Systems (ESSs) by Wide-Area Monitoring (WAM). It consists of three parts: (1) a model of a power grid containing different types of generators, loads and transmission network; (2) a model of lith-ium-ion battery ESSs; (3) a model of multivariate statistical analysis based WAM built to capture the grid information for guiding the operation of ESSs. Simulation studies using a reduced equivalent model specifically built for a UK power grid enhanced with lithium-ion battery ESSs and WAM illustrate the way in which WAM can coordinate a power grid and ESSs, and also demonstrate the benefit of ESSs on a power grid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-390
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
Early online date2 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • model
  • Power grid
  • wide-area monitoring
  • lithium-ion battery
  • energy storage
  • multivariate statistical analysis

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