A tephra-based correlation of marine and terrestrial records of MIS 11c from Britain and the North Atlantic

Ian Candy, Gareth Tye, Pete Coxon, Mark Hardiman, Ian Matthews, Adrian Palmer

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Resolving marine and terrestrial records of glacial and interglacial stages has long been a challenge for Quaternary studies. We present a tephra-based correlation for MIS 11c of a North Atlantic marine core and a British terrestrial record (Marks Tey). A varved chronology is presented for the annually laminated lake sequence at Marks Tey and the proxy data from this site is plotted on an annual timescale for the first time. This record shows clear evidence for an abrupt cold event and corresponding ecological and landscape response. Varve counting shows that the abrupt event lasted for ca 185a but the impact on the landscape persisted for ca 560a. The co-occurrence of a single tephra layer in Marks Tey and ODP 980 allows these two records to be correlated . Furthermore, this synchronisation shows that the abrupt cold event in Marks Tey was coincident with a centennial-scale cold event in ODP 980, as evidenced by an increase in N pachyderma (s) %. In both ODP 980 and Marks Tey the age of this abrupt event was ca 414,500a indicating that, at this point in MIS 11c, a widespread cold event occurred in the northeastern Atlantic and the British Isles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1161
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Issue number7
Early online date8 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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