A Systematic Review of Autistic People and the Criminal Justice System: An Update of King and Murphy (2014)

J Collins, K Horton, E Gale-St Ives, G Murphy, M Barnoux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper was to determine whether recommendations made by King & Murphy (Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 44:2717-2733, 2014) in their review of the evidence on autistic people in contact with the criminal justice system (CJS) have been addressed. Research published since 2013 was systematically examined and synthesised. The quality of 47 papers was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Findings suggest a limited amount of good quality research has been conducted that has focused on improving our understanding of autistic people in contact with the CJS since 2013. Methodological limitations make direct comparisons between autistic and non-autistic offenders difficult. Autistic people commit a range of crimes and appear to have unique characteristics that warrant further exploration (i.e., vulnerabilities, motivations for offending).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3151-3179
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number8
Early online date30 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Humans
  • Autistic Disorder
  • Criminal Law
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Crime
  • Criminals

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