To fully understand the beam losses, subsequent radiation, energy deposition, backgrounds and activation in particle accelerators, a holistic approach combining a 3-D model, physics processes and accelerator tracking is required. Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) is a program developed to simulate the passage of particles, both primary and secondary, in particle accelerators and calculate the energy deposited by these particles via material interactions using the Geant4 physics library. A Geant4 accelerator model is built from an existing optical description of a lattice by procedurally placing a set of predefined accelerator components. These generic components can be refined to an arbitrary degree of detail with the use of user-defined geometries, detectors, field maps, and more. A detailed model of the Large Hadron Collider has been created in BDSIM, validated with existing tracking codes and applied to study beam loss patterns.
|Title of host publication||13th International Computational Accelerator Physics Conference|
|Subtitle of host publication||ICAP2018, Key West, FL, USA|
|Chapter||F-1 Code Development, Status and Comparison with Measurements|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 4 May 2019|